Enforcement activity and fines were substantially lower than in previous years. The European Commission completed two investigations comprising three cartel infringements. Aggregate fines of €279 million were imposed. Without leniency...Read
competition, litigation and regulation economists
Our economists assist companies and those harmed with economic and empirical analyses in cases where there has been an abuse of dominance, restrictive agreement and state aid. We marshal the data and evidence, and provide rigorous economic analysis in support of our client's case.
Our economists frequently act as expert witnesses in courts on behalf of claimants and defendants in antitrust, regulation and commercial litigation. We are expert in quantifying damages in commercial cases and standalone and follow-on competition law damage actions using the latest economic, financial and econometric analyses.
We assist those involved in or opposing a merger or joint venture during the clearance process by the European Commission and/or national competition authorities with pre-notification advice through to comprehensive economic analyses and expert reports in full Phase II investigations and appeals.
We assist firms who are accused of participating in, or those harmed by, a cartel which has fixed prices, rigged bids restricted production and/or shared markets before the European Commission, national competition authorities and the courts.
Our economists have experience in group and collective actions following their introduction in the UK and Europe. We are experts in managing large quantities of data, and undertaking the economic and empirical analyses required to bring or defend against a class or collective action.
We have considerable experience in preparing submissions/ reports to regulators and government bodies/ministries as part of consultations or formal investigations. We span a wide range of industries including the communications, transport, financial, retail and energy sectors; and topics such as access terms, prices, margin squeezes and foreclosure.